Saturday, February 8, 2020
Compensation and Labor Relations - Assignment Example Notably, effective collective bargaining improves labour relations. The most common approaches to bargaining are the traditional or adversarial approach and integrative or win-win bargaining (Sharp 98). The process of collective bargaining has always been adversarial in nature and this has always caused rifts in the organizational decision making process. In this approach to bargaining, both parties involves, usually the union and the management, present their own agenda and have no idea of each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s problems. It is a give and take approach to negotiation where one sideÃ¢â¬â¢s loss is another sideÃ¢â¬â¢s gain(Carly 198). Another way in which labour relations and collective bargaining can be carried out is through integrative approach. Integrative approach strives for mutual understanding and it concentrates more on the goals and concerns common to both parties. Here, both parties clearly understand the issues and solve the problems jointly and as a result, both of them will gain mutually as there will be equitable solution. Integrative bargaining aims at creating solutions that satisfies the needs of both parties (Carly 198). It demands that each side be aware of the issues affecting the other side. The labour union and the management provide a list explaining their needs and so the discussion is based on the possible ways to meet those needs in manner acceptable and beneficial to both parties. This approach to collective bargaining is very positive and it is commonly used in many modern union-management contracts. Many workers are not satisfied with their jobs and in most cases it is because of low wages. Notably, workers who are dissatisfied with their pay do leave their job for better opportunities. Dissatisfied workers exhibit withdrawal behaviours such as lateness, absenteeism and finally quitting their jobs. Quitting and seeking job in other factories that pay better is the most
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Local Law Enforcement Essay Stages/Steps in the Hiring Process: First step is the applicant processing division to identify the most qualified applicants. Second step is the Pre-hire interview, next is a medical exam and then take a written psychological test. Next one will take a job standard test and an oral psychological interview. Last but not least a character investigation and any other additional requirements under exceptional circumstances. Specific Requirements: Applicants must be at least 17Ã ½ years of age by the last day of filing of the exam they are applying for. . Those applicants who are 35 and over and have active United States military service may deduct up to six years from the age requirement. If by mail: Applications must be submitted/postmarked by the filing deadline of the exam they are applying for. Candidates must be at least 21 years of age on or before the day of hire. Candidates must be a United States citizen on or before the day of hire. On or before the day of hire, candidates must have successfully completed either: Sixty (60) college credits with a 2.0 G.P.A. from an accredited college or university, or Two (2) years of full-time, active military service in the United States Armed Forces with an honorable discharge and have a high schools diploma or its equivalent. Candidates must reside either within one of the five boroughs of New York City or one of the surrounding counties of New York City; Suffolk, Westchester, Orange, Rockland, Nassau or Putnam Counties on the day of hire. Candidates must possess a valid, unrestricted New York State DriverÃ¢â¬â¢s License on the day of hire. Candidates must pay a $75.00 fee for fingerprinting as part of the investigation process. Candidates must pass a drug/alcohol screening. Candidates must pass a character and background investigation. Pay Scales: Police Academy 44,744; after 6 months 46,288; after 1.5 years 48,173; after 2.5 years 53, 819; after 3.5 years 58,786; after 4.5 years 62,455; after 5.0 years 69,005; after 5.5 years 90, 829. Ã¢â¬ ¢Candidates must compete in the required written examination and pass additional screening procedures. Ã¢â¬ ¢Candidates must be legal residents of Nassau County, Suffolk County, Westchester County or one of the five boroughs of New York City at time of appointment and maintain residency. Ã¢â¬ ¢Candidates must be at least 17 but less than 35 years of age on the date of the written exam; provided, however, that time spent on military duty or on terminal leave, not exceeding a total of 6 years, shall be subtracted from the age of any applicant who has passed their 35th birthday, as provided in subdivision 10-a of Section 243 of the New York State Military Law. Ã¢â¬ ¢Candidates must be citizens of the United States at time of appointment. Ã¢â¬ ¢Candidates will be required to submit to a background investigation prior to appointment. Ã¢â¬ ¢Candidates must possess a valid New York State driverÃ¢â¬â¢s license at time of appointment. Ã¢â¬ ¢Appointments are determined on an individual basis by the Nassau County Civil Service Commission, however, anyone with a felony conviction may be excluded from being a Nassau County Police Officer. Ã¢â¬ ¢No college education is required to take the written examination; however, 32 credits of college education are required for appointment. Those candidates who have not attained that level of education but are otherwise eligible for appointment will remain on the eligible list and will become eligible for appointment after they have obtained the necessary college credits. Pay Scales: Get paid while you train in the Police Academy;$34,000 starting salary;$107,319 after 9 years;12% shift differential; Education incentive pay Title of Agency (3): City of New York Department of Correction Web Address: http://www.nyc.gov/html/doc/html/home/home.shtml Stages/Steps in the Hiring Process: The primary responsibility of the Applicant Investigation Unit is to ensure the New York City Department of Correction hires the most qualified candidate to join the uniform members of service. The candidates are investigated, evaluated medically, inclusive of an agility test, and physically to determine their fitness for duty in all aforementioned areas. The New York City Department of Correction investigates thousands of candidates; however, only the most qualified for the position are selected.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Enuma Elish - The Babylonian Creation Story Like the Greek Theogony, the creation of the world in the Enuma elish begins with the universe in a formless state, from which emerge two primary gods, male and female: When the skies above were not yet named Nor earth below pronounced by name, Apsu, the first one, their begetter, And maker Tiamat, who bore them all, Had mixed their waters together, But had not formed pastures, nor discovered reed-beds; When yet no gods were manifest, Nor names pronounced, nor destinies decreed, Then gods were born within them. (Dalley 233) Apsu, the male "begetter," is the sweet waters, while Tiamat, the female "maker," is the bitter, salt waters. Sweet and salt water mingle together at the mouths of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, site of the origins of Mesopotamian civilization. Some translators see the word "maker" in line 4 not as an adjective describing Tiamat but as another god, named Mummu, who emerges at the same time. As you might expect, Mummu means "maker," "form," "mold," or "matrix." Besides being Apsu's vizier, Mummu is the mold or the undifferentiated substance from which things are made. Like Eros at the beginning of the Theogony, this Mummu-power is necessary to get the job of birth-creation going. Stephanie Dalley notes that "the bit-mummu was the term for a workshop that produced statues of deities" (274). N. K. Sandars, however, sees mummu as potential, or entropy (27). In this early period, nothing is named yet because nothing has appeared or been created yet. Notice that pasture-land must be form ed--wrested from the desert by the hard work of digging and irrigation. The reed-beds mentioned in line 6 are handier than one might think: in southern Iraq today, the marsh dwellers live and work in floating houses and boats made from the reeds in the reed-beds. The "destinies" mentioned in line 8 are somewhat like the Sumerian me--cultural patterns and ways of living. After the waters of Apsu and Tiamat mix, the gods Lahmu and Lahamu ("slime, mud") emerge. And from this pair come Anshar ("whole sky") and Kishar ("whole earth"), meaning perhaps "the horizon, the circular rim of heaven and the corresponding circular rim of earth" (Jacobsen 168). Anshar and Kishar give birth to Anu, the sky god, who in turn begets what one translation calls "his likeness" (Heidel 18) Ea, the trickster god of the flowing waters, who is familiar to us as Enki.
Monday, January 13, 2020
November 7, 2011 Americans owe the French a debt of gratitude because without them, they would either; still be fighting the British for their freedom, or lose their freedom altogether. Americans have gained their independence but changes occur after the war. American society changed politically, socially, and economically during and after the Revolutionary War. Because majority of the men were at war, the women had to step up and take charge or how society was ran, or the American economy would be ruined. The political aspect of American society changed greatly after the war; Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship, place, or ministry whatsoeverÃ¢â¬ ¦ but that all men shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinion in matters of religion. Ã¢â¬ (Document D). This explicates the beginning of America losing its religion-based societies, and becoming more diverse to more religions and cultures. Unfortunately, Indians were still excluded from political decisions, and since they made alliances with the British, and not Americans, westward expansionism was unable to be stopped; Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦It is now more than three years since peace was made between the King of Great Britain and you [Americans], but, we, the Indians, were disappointed, finding ourselves not included in that peaceÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Document E). Indians are seeking peace with the Americans because they are destroying their lands. Socially, American society changed significantly. Document A shows a woman as a woodcut worker. Before the war, women were stuck in the house, having no input in how their life was run; during the war, they were running society and maintaining the economy. Women also began to libel for their freedom after the war; Ã¢â¬Å"What then must my situation be, when my sex, my youth and inexperience all conspire to make me tremble at the task which I have undertaken? But the friendly encouragement, which I behold in almost every countenance, enables me to overcome difficulties, that would otherwise be insurmountable. (Document J). Furthermore, Molly Wallace is saying that when the men where away, the women were able to run society, so they should be included more. The American economic society depleted immensely because they owed a lot of money for the war. Although after the war, people were suppose to be freed from slavery and indentured servitude, even though they werenÃ¢â¬â¢t; Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦There shall be neither slavery nor involuntar y servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes whereof the party shall have been duty convictedÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Document H). The economy became stronger as well because the states were becoming more united, trying to establish one currency; Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦Some of them were crying out for a paper currency, some for an equal distribution of property. Ã¢â¬ (Document G). Abigail AdamÃ¢â¬â¢s letter suggests how the economy should work, either to establish a currency, or distribute land. Furthermore, during and after the Revolutionary War the American society changed a great deal. Society changed with the Articles of Confederations, the first American government; Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦If men were angels, no government would be necessaryÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Document I). After the Article of Confederation was discovered to be too weak, the bicameral government we have today was established. The Virginia Plan and the Jersey Plan allowed the Senate and House of Representatives. The American Revolution was significant to the molding of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s government.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Kodak products are bought both by individual customers on a small scale and are also large-scale investments by companies particularly health care firms. Though Kodak health imaging products and services are not faced with the slump, it is the imaging supplies to the general customers which are resulting in a decline. Film developing is almost obsolete and therefore is no longer generating revenue from that sector. Inflation is making a huge impact on customers when making decisions to invest in cameras and Kodak being highly priced than Sony or Canon often loses the race in this regard. Also, Canon and Nikon's products are far more popular in the photojournalist market and Kodak also cannot win the race their too. Since Kodak has to invest a lot to develop digital technology, one of its key strategies was to use its profits from film sales to invest in research and development. Since profits from film sales are low, Kodak needs to finance digital research and development from other areas. These also means that Kodak is feeling the crunch financially from the decreasing cash flows from a film to the huge investments made in digital to the scant profits made from the digital segment which was supposed to be the new cornerstone of the company. We will write a custom essay sample on Kodak's Potential Niche for Digital Picture Frames or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now Since these photo frames are multi-purpose and can display slideshows they provide value to users who normally have to buy multiple frames to display their precious photographs and thus are economical. It is the changing trends in the social environment which can greatly help Kodak coming up with a new product and marketing it effectively. The greatest change in social trends has been the birth of internet communities and frequent sharing of images. This has led to the bursting growth of digital photo sharing with uploading and decreases the need for photo development on film. Kodak tried to capitalize on this trend like its competitors but was not extremely successful but it should know that if it sticks to its slogan and makes digital photography even more convenient than a pencil than it can again be an icon.
Saturday, December 28, 2019
The Lessons of ValuJet 592 1. Identify one or two risks your project is encountering and strategies that might mitigate them Ã¢â¬ ¢ Risk 1: Due to time constraints and meeting deadlines, our group may be forced into a position that does not allow us to fully research the most effective means of developing a functional lighting system to prevent future runway incursions. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Mitigation: The deadline cannot be pushed back, so we need to collectively get together to ensure we are up-to-date on the current research in this area Ã¢â¬ ¢ Risk 2: Another risk we may encounter is Ã¢â¬Å"reinventing the wheel.Ã¢â¬ With all the research and designs that are presently being tested, it will be difficult to create a system unique to those that are currently beingÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦First, during process activities developing a plan for risk management, which defines and documents a strategy, should have been done. Once this was completed, the next step would be to manage the risk profile to determine thresholds and identify both the acceptable and unacceptable risks involved (Haskins et al., 2010, p 216). The workers should have been trained to understand the risks involved with handling, dismantling, and packaging the oxygen generators. If this was done correctly, the lanyards would not have been removed and the caps that cover the firing pins would have been in place. Mechanics would have understood that surrounding these canisters with consumables, such as the cardboard boxes and tires, is unt hinkable and highly hazardous. Another risk management strategy that is important in the ValuJet case study is documentation. The downfall to this is ensuring the documentation is not falsified. Documenting everything is crucial and something that was accomplished, but did not reflect the job performance accurately. By avoiding costs and schedule risks, SabreTech employees increased the technical risks associated with maintenance of the jet and hangar. Similarly, the paperwork insisting ValuJet get Ã¢â¬Å"re-certifiedÃ¢â¬ was completed and submitted for evaluation, but no one evaluated it! Documentation is important, but not if it is not accurate and assessed. The crash and burn (orShow MoreRelatedCase Studies67624 Words Ã |Ã 271 Pages323) 240 000 30 000 (1 803 748) 635 000 880 832 1 235 982 1 125 000 Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â 38 558 822 Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â 1 333 900 1 703 256 2 238 936 2 335 083 1 140 757 2 740 694 4 668 190 6 009 042 9 680 083 7 581 788 8 696 891 12 452 592 25 848 849 42 264 537 45 060 198 34 728 966 22 192 064 27 864 308 44 548 451 58 478 352 46 438 888 50 534 450 109 439 842 57 835 844 75 065 261 64 716 499 79 225 703 123 509 607 226 632 844 274 534 505 248 168 948 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.07
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Police officers play a very important role in everyday life. They represent law and order while protecting the public and fighting crime. Their main goal is to improve the quality of life for every citizen. His or her way of handling stress is tested daily by a simple traffic stop to someone robbing a bank. They have to be ready at any given moment for anything that might come their way when they get the call. Their job is challenging and it could lead them to make many mistakes or cost someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life, if they were to be under the influence of drugs. Not every police department is obligated to give random drug tests on police officers but only to do so after something happens. For example a cop hits a parked car, therefore the officer is drug tested. I do not particularly agree with this system. Why wait till something happens to find out that an officer has a problem? Why not conduct a random drug test them to see if there is a problem? Professional athletes, bus drivers, pil ots and others are subjected to random drug tests; police officers should be subject to the same. Their job takes brings them to different areas of the city or town and they witness all sorts of violence, which could cause mental stress. A police officer might turn to drugs and/or alcohol to relieve some of that stress. Even if a police officer were to drink heavily on his or her day off it could still be in their system the next day and cause them to not perform their job well. By conductingShow MoreRelatedYouth Gang Prevention Efforts : A Two Pronged Prevention843 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesundertaken by law enforcement departments around the country include: Ã¢â¬Å"Participating in community awareness campaigns (e.g. developing public service announcements and poster campaigns). Contacting the parents of peripheral gang members (through the mail or during personal visits) to alert them that their children are involved with a gang. 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After studying Criminal Justice for a couple of years and growing up in a family full of Law Enforcement officers, I can assure you that reality is far from what is perceived television. It is not as glamorous as depicted, there is more blood, harder work, longer hours and unfortunately every case does not get solved. As we look into a fantasy ofRead MoreThe Law Enforcement Hiring Process Essay1123 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagespaper will show four different police departments that are currently hiring or recruiting for police officers. There will be a summary on the research found on the process used to recruit police officers. It will also show their current hiring trends and what hiring practices they have that are successful or not successful. The paper will also go over the different methods departments use to train their new officers and their values. The Process of Recruiting Police Personal Recruiting officers is